The second part of camera control we’ll be discussing is shutter-speed, or how long the camera lets in light for.
(I know I shouldn’t end sentences with a preposition, but “for how long the camera lets in light” just sounds shitty)
Shutter-speed controls two things, how much light gets into the camera, and how motion is captured.
- A long shutter speed will let in a lot of light, but also capture any movement as “blur”.
- A short shutter speed will let in less light, but capture objects frozen in time.
We discussed aperture last week, because as we move on to using shutter speed creatively, we’ll constantly be balancing shutter speed with aperture to make sure the right amount of light gets in.
This week your task is to capture blur in one photo, and to capture a fast-moving object without blur in another.
If your camera doesn’t let you change the shutter-speed yourself, it may have a “sport” mode that’ll use a fast shutter speed.
You can force a slower shutter speed by shooting in low light, or closing the aperture.
- Some of the most famous photos include blur. Have a look at them. Why did the photographer chose to include blur?
- Blur is a great way of capturing the passage of time in a photo. What emotions can this evoke?
- Really sharp, hyperrealist photos can be achieved with short shutter speeds and narrow apertures. Why don’t we use these settings all the time?